JeeLoo  Liu, Ph. D

Contact Information
Voice: 657-278-7560
Dept: 657-278-3611

JeeLoo Liu, Ph. D



1993, Ph.D, University of Rochester

1984, M.A., National Taiwan University

Research Areas

AI and Ethics, Robot Ethics, Confucian Moral Sentimentalism, Confucian Moral Realism, Philosophy of Mind, Chinese Philosophy, Metaphysics (Chinese Metaphysics)

Courses Regularly Taught

Philosophy of Mind, Asian Philosophy, Introduction to Philosophy, Metaphysics, Meaning and Mind



  • Liu, JeeLoo (2022).  Neo-Confucianism: Metaphysics, Mind, and Morality. (Translated into Simplified Chinese). Northwestern University Publishing, Xi’an, China.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2021).  Neo-Confucianism: Metaphysics, Mind, and Morality. (Translated into Traditional Chinese). Linking Publishing: Taipei, Taiwan. 
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2021).  An Introduction to Chinese Philosophy: From Ancient Philosophy to Chinese Buddhism. (Translated into Traditional Chinese). Linking Publishing: Taipei, Taiwan.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2017). Neo-Confucianism: Metaphysics, Mind, and Morality. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. 
  • Liu, JeeLoo & Douglas Berger (Eds.) (2014). Nothingness in Asian Philosophy. London and New York: Routledge.
  • Liu, JeeLoo, Perry, John (eds.) (2011). Consciousness and the Self: New Essays.  Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2010).  An Introduction to Chinese Philosophy: From Ancient Philosophy to Chinese Buddhism. (Translated in Polish).  Krakow, Poland: Jagiellonskiego University Press.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2006).  An Introduction to Chinese Philosophy: From Ancient Philosophy to Chinese Buddhism.  [Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing]. 

Scholarly Work

  • Liu, JeeLoo (2024). "The Metaphysical as the Ethical: A Pragmatist Reading of Wang Yangming’s “The Mind Is the Principle.” Asian Journal of Philosophy 3: 15. DOI: 10.1007/s44204-024-00149-8
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2024). “The Trouble with Agent-Focused Moral Realism: On Huang Yong’s Construal of Zhu Xi’s Moral Realism.” Australasian Philosophical Review issue 8.3.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2023). "Time and Change in Chinese Buddhist Philosophy: From Sengzhao to Chan Buddhism."  Philosophy Compass. DOI: 10/1111/phc3.12915.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2023). “Human-in-the-Loop Ethical AI for Care Robots and Confucian Virtue Ethics.” In Cavallo, F., et al. Social Robotics. ICSR 2022. Springer. 
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2023). “The Moral Efficacy of the Confucian Sense of Shame.” In Raffaele Rodogno and Alessandra Fussi (Eds.) Moral Psychology of Shame. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 25-52. 
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2022). “The Many Considerations for the Emotional Design of Social Robots.” (in Chinese) In LI Jianliang & Lin Wenyuan (Eds.) A Cross-Disciplinary Investigation of Artificial Intelligence in Humanities. Taiwan: National Qinhua University Press. 245-274.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2022). “Huayan Buddhism’s Conceptions of the Realness of Reality: A Transformation from Subjective Idealism into Holistic Realism.”  In Itay Shani and Susanne Kathrin Beiweis (Eds.) Cross-Cultural Approaches to Consciousness: Mind, Nature, and Ultimate Reality. Bloomsbury.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2021). “Why We Need Emotional Intelligence in the Design of Autonomous Social Robots and How Confucian Moral Sentimentalism Can Help.” Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Conference on Social Robotics, ICSR2021, 012, v2. Springer.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2021). “How to Apply Xunzi’s Virtue Ethics to the Construction of Robotic Ethics” (in Chinese). Social Sciences (shehui kexue). 2021(4): 3-22.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2020). “Zhu Xi’s Normative Realism and Internal Moral Realism.”  In Yong Huang, et al (eds.) Dao Companion to ZHU Xi’s Philosophy. Chapter 36: 857-872.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2020). “Slote’s Sentimentalist Theory of the Mind versus A Neo-Confucian Unified Theory of the Mind”. In Yong Huang, et al (eds.) Slote Encountering Chinese Philosophy. Bloomsbury.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2020). “Why Must We Enter Emotions into the Equation in the Design of Moral Robots?” Taiwan AI Wise Actors Network
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2019). “A Contemporary Assessment of the Four-Seven Debate: A Comparative Study of the Moral Psychology of Yi Hwang and Ki Dae-Seung.” Journal of Confucian Philosophy and Culture 31: 36-70.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2019). “How did Xunzi Reconcile the Potential Conflict between the Deliberate Effort of Human Morality and the Objectivity of Moral Reality: Was Xunzi a Moral Constructivist or a Moral Realist? (in Chinese)” The Journal of Humanities (renwen zazhi). No. 5, 2019.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2019). “Why Be Moral? Comments on Yong Huang’s Book on the Cheng Brothers.” Philosophy East & West. Vol. 69, No. 1: 269-81.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2018). “Confucian Robotic Ethics.” Translated into Chinese by Sky Liu, et al. Thought and Culture (sixiang yu wenhua), No. 22, 18-40.
    15.  Liu, JeeLoo (2018). “Can Confucian Moral Realism Desist Sharon Street’s Darwinian Challenge?” Translated into Chinese by Chen Yu.  Thought and Culture (sixiang yu wenhua), No. 21.  Feb. 2018, 157-71.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2017). “Chinese B-Theory of Time and the Notion of Change.” Frontiers of Philosophy in China, 12:1, 72-89.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2015). “In Defense of Chinese Qi-Naturalism.” In Chenyang Li, Frank Perkins and Alan K. L. Chan (Eds.) Chinese Metaphysics and Its Problems. Cambridge University Press, April 2015, 33-53.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2014). “Chinese Qi-Naturalism and Liberal Naturalism.” Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences, Vol. 1. No. 1: 59-86.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2014). “Was There Something in Nothingness? The Debate on the Primordial State between Daoism and Neo-Confucianism.” In JeeLoo Liu & Douglas Berger (Eds.) Nothingness in Asian Philosophy, London and New York: Routledge, 181-196.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2012). “Moral Reason, Moral Sentiments and the Realization of Altruism: A Motivational Theory of Altruism.” Asian Philosophy 22(2): 93-119.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2011).  “Reconstructing Chinese Metaphysics.” Journal of East-West Thought, No. 1.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2011).  “The Is-Ought Correlation in Neo-Confucian Qi-Naturalism: How Normative Facts Exist in Natural States of Qi.” Contemporary Chinese Philosophy
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2011).  “Consciousness and the Self.”  In Liu, JeeLoo & Perry, John (eds.) Consciousness and the Self: New Essays.  Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, pp. 1-32.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2011).  “A Comparative Study of Zhang Zai’s and Wang Fuzhi’s Moral Psychology.”  (in Chinese)  The Journal of Social Sciences, Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences.  No. 5, 2011, pp. 126-33.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2010).  “Wang Fuzhi’s Philosophy of Principle (Li) Inherent in Qi.”  InDao Companions to Neo-Confucian Philosophy.  (ed.) John Makeham.  Chapter 18. Dordrecht Heidelberg London New York: Springer, pp. 355-380.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2008).  “Philosophy of Mind.” (in Chinese) In Philosophy: A Volume for the Series of Western Research in the Humanities and Social Sciences.  (ed.) Jiyuan Yu.  Beijing, China: Renmin University Press.  May 2008, pp. 110-142.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2008).  “From Human Nature to National Prosperity: A Comparative Study on Mencius’ and Xunzi’s Views.” (in Chinese) Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) Academic News, Vol. 36, No. 799, May 20, 2008, p. 3.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2007). “Confucian Moral Realism.” Asian Philosophy, Volume 17, Number 2.  Pp. 167-184.  July 2007.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2007). “The Paradox of Evil in Tiantai Buddhist Philosophy.” Religion Compass 1:3, 398-413.  May 2007.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2006).  “Wang Fuzhi.” In The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (ed.) Donald Borchert, Macmillan Reference USA.  2006.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2005). “The Status of Cosmic Principle (Li) in the Neo-Confucian Metaphysics.” Journal of Chinese Philosophy 32:3, 391-407.  September 2005.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2003). “A Daoist Conception of Truth: Laozi's Metaphysical Realism vs. Zhuangzi's Internal Realism.”  In Comparative Approaches to Chinese Philosophy, (ed.) Bo Mou, Ashgate Publishing Ltd, 2003.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2003). “Wang Fuzhi.” In The Encyclopedia of Chinese Philosophy, (ed.) Antonio S. Cua, Routledge Publishing, 2003.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2002). “Physical Externalism and Social Externalism: Are They Really Compatible?”  Journal of Philosophical Research 27, 381-404, 2002.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2001). “Is Human History Predestined in Wang Fuzhi's Cosmology?”Journal of Chinese Philosophy 28:3, 321-337, September 2001.
  • Liu, JeeLoo (2001). “A Nonreductionist's Solution to Kim's Explanatory Exclusion Problem.” Manuscrito, 24:1, 7-47, April 2001.